无机盐工业

无机盐工业 ›› 2021, Vol. 54 ›› Issue (4): 20-24.doi: 10.11962/1006-4990.2020-0259

• 综述与专论 • 上一篇    下一篇

蒽醌法合成过氧化氢催化剂的研究进展

杨杰1,2,安霓虹1,2,魏建伟1,2,王红琴1,2,谢继阳1,2,戴云生1,2()   

  1. 1. 昆明贵金属研究所, 稀贵金属综合利用新技术国家重点实验室, 云南昆明 650106
    2. 贵研工业催化剂(云南)有限公司
  • 收稿日期:2020-10-13 出版日期:2021-04-01 发布日期:2021-04-23
  • 通讯作者: 戴云生
  • 作者简介:杨杰(1994— ), 男, 在读硕士研究生, 主要研究方向为工业催化;E-mail: 1217104968@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(21763014)

Research progress of anthraquinone synthesis catalyst for hydrogen peroxide

Jie Yang1,2,Nihong An1,2,Jianwei Wei1,2,Hongqin Wang1,2,Jiyang Xie1,2,Yunsheng Dai1,2()   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Advanced Technologies for Comprehensive Utilization of Platinum Metals, Kunming Institute of Precious Metals, Kunming 650106, China
    2. Sino-Platinum Industrial Catalyst (Yunnan)Co., Ltd.
  • Received:2020-10-13 Online:2021-04-01 Published:2021-04-23
  • Contact: Yunsheng Dai

摘要:

过氧化氢(H2O2, 俗称双氧水), 由于其强氧化性常用作漂白剂、消毒剂, 同时也作化工原料。目前工业上生产过氧化氢的主要方法为蒽醌法, 全球近99%的产品均通过蒽醌法制得。研究具有高活性、高选择性及经济性的催化剂是合成过氧化氢所面对的最具挑战性的课题, 同时也是工业催化领域的研究热点之一。主要针对蒽醌法制过氧化氢催化剂, 综述了各种活性组分、载体及助剂在蒽醌加氢催化剂中的研究进展, 并简单探讨了各种活性组分的优缺点, 概括了各种载体、助剂的作用, 以期对过氧化氢催化剂的合成制备提供一些有益的启示。

关键词: 过氧化氢, 蒽醌法, 催化剂, 贵金属

Abstract:

Hydrogen peroxide(H2O2, commonly known as hydrogen peroxide solution) is often used as bleaching agent and disinfectant due to its strong oxidability.Meanwhile, it is also used as chemical raw materials.At present, the main method of producing hydrogen peroxide in industry is anthraquinone method, and nearly 99% of the products in the world are obtained by the anthraquinone method.The research on catalysts with high activity, high selectivity and economic efficiency is the most challenging task in the synthesis of hydrogen peroxide.At the same time, it is also one of the research hotspots in the field of industrial catalysis.From the perspective of industrial application, noble metal catalysts with palladium as the activity are currently the most used and most mature catalysts.However, due to the high price of metal palladium, the preparation cost of the palladium catalyst is relatively high.Therefore, the research and development to reduce the cost of the catalyst has practical application value.Ruthenium and nickel catalysts have received extensive attention from researchers because of their lower price.The nickel catalyst has high activity but it is unstable;the ruthenium catalyst has good selectivity and high stability, but the activity is relatively low.In order to solve these current problems, researchers have carried out a lot of research work from the two aspects of carrier and auxiliary agents.Focusing on the production of hydrogen peroxide catalysts from anthraquinone, the research progress of various active components, carrier and auxiliary agents in anthraquinone hydrogenation catalysts was reviewed.The advantages and disadvantages of various active components were briefly discussed and the functions of various supports and promoters were summarized, so as to provide some useful enlightenment for the synthesis and preparation of hydrogen peroxide catalysts.

Key words: hydrogen peroxide, anthraquinone method, catalyst, precious metal

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